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JLPT N3文法 ~ところだ を勉強しましょう。

~ところだ・~ところ+助詞

【意味・文型】

A~の直前だ
B~が進行中だ
C~が終わった直後だ

文中では、後に来る動詞によって「ところを・ところで・ところへ」などの形になる
(Just before ~happens A, while ~ is happening B or just after ~ happened C.
Depending on the verb that follows, the end-particle varies, as follows: ところを, ところで, or ところへ.)

 動詞(辞書形) + ところだ・ところ+助詞
 動詞(ている)+ ところだ・ところ+助詞
 動詞(た形) + ところだ・ところ+助詞

【例文】

①ロケットは間もなくと飛び立つ(動詞辞書形)ところです。緊張の瞬間です。 ➡A
 >The rocket is about to take off. It’s a tense moment.
 >Tên lửa sắp cất cánh. Đó là một khoảnh khắc căng thẳng.

②試験中、となりの人の答えを見ている(動詞ている)ところを先生に注意された。 ➡B
 >During the exam, I was warned by the teacher when I was looking at the answers of the person next to me.
 >Trong lúc ôn thi, tôi đã bị giáo viên cảnh cáo khi đang xem đáp án của người bên cạnh.

③楽しみにしていた映画が始まった(動詞た形)ところで電話が鳴った。 ➡C
 >Just as the movie I was looking forward to started, the phone rang.
 >Ngay khi bộ phim tôi mong chờ bắt đầu, điện thoại reo.

④晩ごはんができ上がった(動詞た形)ところへ子どもたちが帰ってきた。 ➡C
 >When dinner was ready, the children came home.
 >Khi bữa tối đã sẵn sàng, bọn trẻ đã về nhà.

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